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What Determines the Cost of a Mortgage?

Real estate professionals use the abbreviation”PITI” to refer to the elements of a mortgage payment: Payment, Interest, Taxes and Insurance. Lenders use a projected PITI as a rule to ascertain how much income you must earn for loan approval. Although not paid to the lender , property taxes and hazard insurance have considered as part of your mortgage for the purposes of lending debt and approval calculation. Oftentimes, the lender handles all elements of the mortgage costs by handling an escrow account where you accumulate funds to make payments for tax and insurance.


The mortgage principal refers to the true present amount you owe on your loan balance. Your whole balance consists of the dollar amount of your house purchase, minus any down payments you have made, plus closing costs if applicable. Closing prices include lender, title agency and deed recording fees, and factors –prepaid interest a lender may charge to allow you to buy down the loan interest rate. Sometimes, a seller pays closing costs, or a lender may want a buyer’s upfront payment at closing. The principal balance on your mortgage changes on a monthly basis in line with the loan rate of amortization–the reduction of the balance based on the rate of interest and the dollar amount of the periodic payments you make.


Your lender sets the mortgage interest rate, a percentage figure it charges for letting you borrow the money for your house purchase. Interest rates fluctuate based on market demand and the perceived condition of the economy, influenced from the Federal Reserve, the stock exchange and also the rate of inflation. Interest rates vary more often or weekly. Rates vary from bank to bank because of current business trends and promotions.

Property Taxes

Property taxes provide income resources for local authorities to finance education programs, emergency services, transport, libraries, recreation and parks. The tax rate imposed on a property’s value is called a mill levy. 1 mill represents one-tenth of a cent. The value of a home as determined from the local tax assessor when compared to the local market requirements is known as an assessed value. A town’s designated mill levy multiplied by a property’s assessed value determines its tax rate. The tax auditor bills property taxation every six months.


Mortgage lenders will ask that you sustain a hazard insurance coverage, more commonly called homeowner’s insurance. This policy protects your property, including your house construction, appliances, fixtures, plumbing, heating and air conditioning, connected structures, electrical wiring, garages and personal property. Personal liability insurance could pay for accidents to individuals that occur on your premises. A homeowner’s coverage is billed on an yearly basis and must be prepaid.

Personal Mortgage Insurance (PMI)

Primary mortgage insurance, more commonly known as PMI, is a recurring lender charge for insurance should your home be foreclosed on because of default. When you finance a house purchase with a deposit of less than 20 percent, you need to pay PMI until the principal loan balance reaches at 79 percent or less of the property’s purchase price.

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